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Volume / Number: 5 / 579

CLA 579
  • Paris France Bibliothèque Nationale de France lat. 9427
Script Luxeuil Minuscule
Date VII–VIII (680 - 720)
Origin and Provenance

Origin uncertain: the precise French region where this peculiar type of minuscule was practised remains a mystery. Scholars have argued in favour of Paris and Morigny, because of prominence given to St Geneviève and St Julian, also in favour of Langres because of mention of certain saints. Nothing in the MS suggests North, South, West, or Central France, yet some considerations point rather to Luxeuil: (1) Luxeuil is an Irish foundation; Insular influence is discernible in the uncial and half-uncial letters of this MS as well as in the closely related Augustinus on papyrus, the Missale Gothicum and Verona 40 (CLA 5.614, 1.106, 4.497); (2) it is noteworthy that the centre that produced our MS had, like Bobbio, also a Columban foundation, many dismembered ancient classical and biblical MSS of Italian origin which were palimpsested practically in the same century—I refer to Verona 40, St Paul in Carinthia 25. 2. 36, Wolfenbüttel Aug. 4°. 13. 11 and Würzburg Mp. th. fol. 64 a; (3) a marginal entry of ca. 1000 on fol. 112v is part of a hymn to St Walbert, a seventh-century abbot of Luxeuil; (4) it was at Luxeuil that Mabillon found the MS in 1685. Acquired by the Bibliothèque Nationale in 1857 at the sale of the Baron de Marguery’s library. First catalogued in the Bibliothèque Nationale as Suppl. Lat. 1444 (see fol. 3).

CLA Vol. 5
TM Number TM 66710
Support Parchment
Contents Lectionarium Luxoviense.
Name Lectionarium Luxoviense. Luxeuil Lectionary.
Script Commentary

Script is an elegant, expert, somewhat compressed cursive minuscule, of the distinct type known as ‘Luxeuil’: a resembles two cs bent backwards and also occurs suprascript; b often has a closed bow and a tag connects it with the next letter; d and n have two forms, the minuscule being more frequent; o sometimes has a tag to the right; the top of forms a small loop to the left; sickle-shaped suprascript u is frequent; i-longa is used initially and for the semi-vocal sound; ti and ligatures with are frequent; ti ligature is used for hard and soft ti; the shafts of tall letters are club-shaped, and the whole script is somewhat inclined to the left. Marginalia in the same script, but more cursive, on foll. 96v–97. A primitive map of the world added by a tenth-century hand is found on fol. 156v.


☛Tewes, Luxeuil No. 12, dates to VII ex–VIII in (c. 700). ☛Ganz, Luxeuil: 1 scribe. ☛Houghton, Latin New Testament p. 252: text of three canticles from Easter Vigil are Vetus Latina. ☛F. Masai, ‘Pour quelle église fut exécuté le Lectionnaire de Luxeuil?’ Scriptorium 2 (1948) 37–46. ☛Steffens, Paléographie latine, Pl. 25. ☛Weber-Gryson, Vulgata MS L (Cath).

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Last modified 21 July 2022